NONSENSE IS TELLING A WOMAN WHAT SHE CAN AND CAN'T DO
In this section there are images of players celebrating, embracing and carrying flags. The panels are white, with black, red and purple text.
1 . EQUALITY IS WHAT WE STAND FOR
In recent years, the Football Museum located at the Stadium in São Paulo has become known as "the home of women's football". Athletes, referees, fans, coaches and many other women have entrusted us with their memories in search of greater recognition and visibility in the history of sport. up to us to amplify their voices and share their achievements.
CONTRA-ATAQUE! As do is an invitation to think about the long journey for equal rights and the persistence of women who have never given up on sport.
Text Football Museum
IN RECENT YEARS, THE FOOTBALL MUSEUM, LOCATED IN THE PACAEMBU STADIUM IN SÃO PAULO, HAS BECOME KNOWN AS "THE HOME OF WOMEN'S FOOTBALL". ATHLETES, REFEREES, FANS, COACHES AND MANY OTHER PROFESSIONALS HAVE ENTRUSTED US WITH THEIR MEMORIES IN SEARCH OF GREATER RECOGNITION AND VISIBILITY WITHIN THE HISTORY OF SPORT. IT'S UP TO US TO AMPLIFY THEIR VOICES AND SHARE THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS.
THE EXHIBITION YOU'RE VISITING NOW IS A TRAVELING ADAPTATION OF THE EXHIBITION WE HELD AT OUR HEADQUARTERS IN 2019 - WHEN THE WOMEN'S FOOTBALL WORLD CUP IN FRANCE BROKE ATTENDANCE RECORDS. IT WAS THEN THAT THE GAME BEGAN TO TURN.
NOW WE ARE DELIGHTED TO HOLD THIS EXHIBITION TO SANTOS, A CITY THAT HAS HISTORICALLY INVESTED IN SPORT AND IS THE HOME OF THE VILA SIRENS, WHOSE ACHIEVEMENTS ARE CELEBRATED HERE.
CARRYING OUT THIS ACTION IS A FURTHER MILESTONE IN OUR COMMITMENT TO HELP BREAK DOWN THE BARRIERS THAT STILL PERSIST.
The most popular sport in the world, modern football was created in 1863 in England and quickly made name in practically every region of the planet. It is an evolution of similar sports practiced since ancient times by Eastern, European and Mesoamerican people.
What many people don't know is that women have always played an important role, even in ancient times. It may come as a surprise to many people, but between the end of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century, especially during the First World War, when men were on the battlefronts, women played a prominent role in various sporting activities, and losing ground for a while and only regaining it decades later.
In Brazil, after the coup of 1930, when Getúlio Vargas, defeated in the presidential election, overthrew the then Washington Luís, prevented the elected president Júlio Prestes from taking office and assumed power, a period of curtailment of rights and freedoms began, ushering in a dictatorship that would only end in 1945. During this period, Brazilians suffered from limited citizenship and lived through an era of uncertainty, with democracy a distant dream.
Prohibited by Decree-Law No. 3.199, dated April 14, 1941, women's football was only permitted decades later, and the first Brazilian national team was only called up in 1983, which resulted in a huge gap in the development of this sport, even more so when compared to the teams and national teams of other countries that had the opportunity to develop and evolve, while the Brazilians were underground. Since then, a lot has changed, Brazilian women's football has grown, overcame adversity and prejudice, presented us with the emergence of Marta, the best player in the world, and won the hearts of fans. We haven't won Cup yet, but that's only a matter of (a short) time.
The Pelé Museum is honored to host the exhibition "CONTRA-ATAQUE! The women in football", the first to be held here after the death of the King of Football, which fills us with and which would undoubtedly have his support and enthusiasm. In it, visitors will learn about the history of Brazilian football, from its beginnings, through the periods of prohibition, resistance and recovery, in a story of determination and overcoming. It's not an easy road to achieve admiration, respect and recognition, as well as the quest for equality the men's game. There are still few women playing football compared to men, with an approximate ratio of 10:1, meaning that for every ten male players there is one woman playing.
There is a lot of progress to be made, and this exhibition, as well as showing a rich and exciting story, also aims to encourage more women to get to know and enter the football world, start practicing it and, who knows, participate in the development of this sport that grows, excites, thrills and promotes equality and respect each other.
Enjoy your visit!
The Circus panels are located on the inside of the metal structure, to the right of the exhibition room. They are black, with white, red, purple and gray letters. There are black and white and aged photographs of women's football teams and newspaper articles.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN!
Is there a woman playing football? Yes, there is!
Like football, the circus as we know it today is also an English invention. And between 1900 and 1920, women's football was already being played in places like the UK, France and Spain. Imagining girls playing football - practicing jiu-jitsu, capoeira and various types of gymnastics - was so unusual that the idea was quickly turned into an attraction and performed by international and national companies.
The grandstands and seats, like the stands in a stadium, housed the fans at the circus. The arena was transformed into a football pitch and the actresses wore the shirts of the most popular teams in the city or country. Before we even imagined women's football as we know it today, it was under the colorful tarpaulin that women defied the standards of the time and dared to wear short shorts, kick a ball around and play Brazil's most popular sport!
The panels are black, with white, red and gray lettering. There are images of newspaper articles, a picture of a female player and schematic drawings of the female body with metric proportions indicated. There is also a stripe over the woman's chest area.
THE SHAME OF THE BAN
"Women will not be allowed to practice sports incompatible with the conditions of their nature"
This was imposed by article 54 of Decree Law 3.199 of 1941, signed by Getúlio Vargas during the Estado Novo regime (1937 to 1945).
For the ideal of womanhood that was being imposed in Brazil in the 1940s, football was nonsense, a bad path for the future of the nation.
The violent nature of the game, supporters of the ban said, undermined women's health and composure, damaged the psychological balance and organic functions of mothers-to-be and promoted "gross and extravagant exhibitionism".
The force of this decree, however, went far beyond the representation of the role of women in the 1940s... It lasted until 1979, affecting several generations of women who couldn't dream of playing the sport.
World football powers other than Brazil have also prevented women from playing football, such as England, France and Germany.
Why did they ban it?
The arguments behind the ban can be summarized in four points:
1. The preservation of certain morals and so-called good customs
2. The preservation of an aesthetic of femininity
3. The preservation of women's organic functions
4. The preservation of women's values and character