1863

The first football rules are officially unified.

Any player could catch the ball with his hands, provided it is airborne.

The player that caught and airborne ball could have a free kick.

 

1866

A tape was placed between goalposts to limit the goal height.

The ball could be passed ahead provided that three opponents were between the receiver and the goal. The offside rule is born.

Forbidden to catch airborne balls with the hands.

 

1871

Creation of the goalkeeper position. At this very beginning, using the hands was allowed in any part of the field.

 

1872

The goalkeeper could use his hands only in the defense field.

 

1875

The goalkeeper is allowed to be replaced, but by an outfield player.

Wooden crossbars began to be implemented over the goalposts.

 

1880 to 1890

The rules still did not protect goalkeepers, who could be pushed by other players.

Due to that, English clubs looked for tall, heavy goalkeepers. One of the highlights was Foulke, measuring 1,90 m (6’4”) and 140 kg (308.64 pounds).

1881

The first references of women playing football in Scotland.

 

1891

Nets were put on goalposts and the referee started acting inside the field.

The penalty kick, an invention of the English goalkeeper William McCrum, was born.

One year before, he struggled to implement the maximum penalty to the team that committed an intentional foul play near the goalpost. The “Irish move” was only incorporated as a rule by the International Board after a polemical match in the English Cup.

 

1892

Creation of the extra time added to the match duration. The rule came after a goalkeeper kicked the ball away from the field in order to prevent a penalty from being kicked. When the ball was replaced, the match end time had already been reached.

 

1897

The referee was required to authorize the goalkeeper replacement by an outfield player.

 

1902

Implementation of the Penalty Area, the Penalty Spot and other field marks.

 

1905

The goalkeepers were forbidden to come forward in a penalty kick.

 

1912

The handballs became restricted outside the Penalty Area.

Requirement of a different outfit for goalkeepers.

 

1914

Marcos Carneiro de Mendonça was the first goalie to defend the Brazilian Team.

 

1922

Anna Amélia Carneiro de Mendonça publishes “O Salto”, the first Brazilian poem on football, a sonnet written for her husband, Marcos Carneiro de Mendonça.

 

1923

Nelson Conceição was the first black goalie to defend the Brazilian Team.

 

1931

The goalkeeper was allowed to move around holding the ball, provided that he dribbled the ball once every four steps.

 

1938

Jaguaré was the first Brazilian goalie to score a goal.  A penalty, in a match against Metz, whilst he played for Olympique from Marseille, France.

 

1940

Filhinha (from Sport Club Brasileiro) and Inah (from Casino Realengo) were the first female goalkeepers in the history of the Pacaembu Stadium. One year later, Getúlio Vargas prohibited the female football in Brazil. How many women were prevented from making their dreams come true...

 

1950

Barbosa was the first one to wear the number 1 jersey for the Brazilian Team in a World Cup.

 

1958

Gylmar was the first Brazilian world champion goalkeeper, immortalizing the jersey number 3!

 

THE 1970s

The traditional black color was replaced by yellow, blue and other colors on goalkeepers’ jerseys.

In Brazil, Raul Plasmann, from Cruzeiro-MG, was the first to wear yellow jerseys.

The first goalkeeper trainers arise, namely: Valdir Joaquim de Moraes, former goalkeeper for Renner (RS), Palmeiras and the Brazilian Team.

Jairo, from Coritiba, left the number 1 jersey and adopted number 46.

 

1976

The GoalkeepersDay is established in April 26th, birthday of the goalkeeper Manga.

 

1982

After catching the ball, the goalkeeper is allowed to walk only four steps. After that, he should drop the ball down or kick it.

 

1988

Liça (first-string) and Simone (backup) were the first female goalkeepers for the Brazilian Female Football Team.

 

THE 1990s

Goalkeeper trainers became part of the coaching staff for male teams.

The Colombian Higuita, the Paraguayan Chilavert and the Mexican Jorge Campos were stars at the time, with colorful outfits, for polemical statements and scoring goals.

 

1992

Forbidden to pick up the balls passed back from a teammate. With this, the position evolved technically, including feet moves to put the ball into play in a more strategic fashion.

In order to protect a wounded leg, Zetti, from São Paulo, started playing in long pants. Even after his recovery, he incorporated the piece into his usual outfit.

 

1994

The third replacement is permitted, but only for goalkeepers.

 

1997

Forbidden to pick up the ball after a side throw by the same team.

 

2000

The overstepping (carrying the ball for more than 4 steps) rule is dropped. The goalkeeper cannot hold the ball longer than 6 seconds.

 

2006

Rogério Ceni became the greatest Goalkeeper Scorer in football, with 63 goals. He ended his career with 131, in total.


2007

The number 1 jersey became exclusive to goalkeepers in FIFA championships.

 

2008

Zetti started, in São Paulo, the first football school specialized in forming goalkeepers.

 

2019

One foot allowed to be maintained by the goalkeeper on the goal line in penalty kicks.